Lithium battery technologies use lithium ions as the charge carrier. Due to the high capacity of active materials and a higher single cell voltage than other technologies, lithium-based technologies provide the highest energy density of all rechargeable systems operating at room temperature.
Depending on the technical requirements, lithium is used with different chemistries such as graphite, nickel, manganese, and cobalt oxides:
Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO) and Lithium Nickel Oxide (LNO)
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC)
Lithium Manganese (LMO)
Lithium Phosphate (LFP)
Lithium Titanate (LTO)
Typical cell voltage
Single cell voltage in the range of 2.4-3.6V
Lithium batteries are dominant in portable electronic devices (mobile phones, laptops, power tools) as well as in hybrid electric an electric vehicles because the high energy and power density.